Difference Between Government vs Politics

Difference Between Government vs Politics

Election day arrives. After months of pondering, you finally get a chance to select from a list of politicians. A politician, then, gets voted for by the majority to be a government official. You recognize what happens after they get elected for office, but you can’t help but wonder. What is the difference between government and politics? Are they the same?

Being in a world that gives its citizens the liberty and the chance to select its leaders, it is vital for every inhabitant to recognize the difference between politics and government. It is essential that citizens have more awareness to be able to select wisely. To discriminate these two concepts, this article will compare and contrast government and politics and will clarify the difference between politics and government.

Definition of Government

What is the definition of government? The word government is a noun derived from the root word govern, which means “to lead.” It is, therefore, defined as a system that governs or manages a nation, a state, or an organized group of people or entities.

It takes different forms; these include the monarch, oligarch, tyrannical, democratic, timocratical and theocratic types. UK, for example, takes a form of a monarchy. The US is a federal republic. From a broad classification, it may be comprised of three branches that are tasked to perform specific functions.

There is an arm commissioned for legislation, one for judicial, and one assigned as the executive arm. The legislative branch’s duty is focused on the writing of laws or legal rules. Part of the judicial branch’s obligation is to translate the law and apply it onto the rectification of conflicts. It is the executive branch’s task is to execute and enforce the law as it is written by the legislative division and interpreted by the judicial arm. Together, these arms make the system functional and operational.

The public takes part in the balloting procedure in some forms of governance, but subjects who do not hold a position in the office do not directly contribute in governance decisions to manage the governed constituents. The decisions arise from the three arms, arms that are designed to work together to take care of the people.

While there may be several forms of ruling, power is historically obtained through an electoral method or by succession. The more ancient forms chose their rulers based on physical strength and brute. This type of selection no longer applies at this day and age, though.

Definition of Politics

What is the definition of politics? Politics is the term to describe the specific activities performed to govern a nation, a city, or an organized society. Similarly, it is referred to as the art or science of the government. It can also be described as the activities concerning the governmental guidelines. In the academe, the said actions are studied through political science.

The word politics may portray negativity. More often than not, it is linked to the undesirable means of using dishonest or artful tactics to take hold of a governmental position or to retain it. Actions involved in this practice may comprise of the preferment of personal agendas, concession with politicians or administrative bodies, manipulation of entities, processes, or choices, and exertion of force to attain political goals.

It can also be interpreted as the methods of using ranks in the governing body. Subjects involved in politics or political parties may include the public. On a separate note, politics’ existence is not limited to the nation’s governance but is also present in small organizations within the community.

Main Differences Between Government vs Politics

Do you want a clearer comparison? Below is the table with main differences between these two concepts.

Basis of ComparisonGovernmentPolitics
DefinitionA system that governsThe art or science of government
Individuals involvedElected/ appointed individuals Common people or elected/ appointed individuals
PowerAble to make laws, interpret laws, and implement themParticipation does not supply official governance capabilities
RulingOver a group of individuals, or countrySymbolic or representative
MechanismSystematic and organizedMay or may not be orderly
Academic StudyPolitical SciencePolitical Science

Difference Between Government and Politics: Conclusion

The government and politics are differing concepts, but these two subjects are related in terms of the influence to lead and allocate the nation’s reserves. Their difference lies in the individuals involved, extent of eminence, ruling, and mechanism. Government electorates or appointees may get ensnared in politics one way or another.

They may also be part of a political party who helped them acquire or keep hold of a spot in the office. Lobbying parties or allies may rebel vs or engage with the régime to realize a joint vision. An official of the government can equally be a part of the administrative group and be connected in undertakings of political intentions. Nonetheless, everyone’s yearning is to have rulers who will lead them towards peace and order with the help of good politics.