Difference Between Mass and Density

Difference Between Mass and Density

When you put water on the fire and get it to boil past its boiling point, it will gradually turn to vapor, which is its gaseous form. In this form, the water composition can take up more space and are sparsely distributed. When you cool water beyond its freezing point, it turns to ice which is solid. In this form, it is more densely packed and tends to take up lesser space compared to its gaseous form. The basic component of H2O remains the same, but its characteristic differs depending on its physical quantities – gas, liquid, or solid.

These physical natures described in the paragraph above are obviously not the same, at least physically speaking. The most outstanding of these differences lies in their mass and density. They are all basically made up of hydrogen and oxygen, but their properties are not the same given to the fact that they were exposed to a high or low temperature.

As we proceed with this piece, you’ll learn the definition of mass and density, and also learn the right answer to the question – “what is the difference between density and mass?”

Definition of Mass

It is important to know this because it will help you tell the difference between mass and density. Every object is made of a certain chemical composition. When you measure how much of these molecules are present in a form, then you’re measuring the mass of that object.

All these particles can be counted if you have the right tools and skills. That notwithstanding, you need to understand the fact that the term “mass” is used to describe the quantity of matter present in an object.

Definition of Density

Density has to do with how much mass is contained in a specified volume of a substance. A car may have four seats according to its design, but this does not mean it has to carry four people all the time. In that same light, the difference between density and mass is that in this case, the focus is on how tightly packed the particles of an object are.

These definitions answers the question – how is density different from mass? That notwithstanding, there are other ways these two terms differ.

Mass vs Density Comparison Table

This table will help to find out what is the difference between mass and density and understand it.

Basis of Comparison Mass Density
Meaning The quantity of matter present in an object Much mass is contained in a specified volume of a substance
SI unit Kilogram Kilogram per cubic meter
What it measure Inertia Compactness
Property Extrinsic Intrinsic

Conclusion of the Main Difference Between Mass vs Density

It is practically impossible to study anything without knowing how much matter is contained in it and how tightly packed they are. Mostly, we’ve tried to answer the question – what is the difference between density and mass? You may also want to know that these terms are similar in some ways. They are both scalar quantities, and they have no direction.